The Philippines has signed and ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, however, many government policies and practices still do not include or recognize children. Bahay Tuluyan has collated facts about children to give you an understanding about the society that Bahay Tuluyan that we work in.
Filipino children and education:
For every 100 Filipino children who enter Grade 1, only 67 will graduate from elementary school. Only 49 will complete high school.
Participation rates in public elementary schools have decreased to 90% since 2000.
4 out of 10 children (12-15 years old) are not in school. The net enrollment ratio in public secondary education in 2002 was only 57%.
The average class size across Philippine regions ranges from 33 to 50 students per class
Only 3 out of every 10 Filipino children has early childhood education, formal or non-formal
Filipino children and health:
22% of children under the age of five are underweight
There is a lack of knowledge about HIV with only 21% of the population having an understanding of what HIV is and how it can be prevented.
Only 70% of children are fully immunized
Filipino children and poverty:
26.5% of the Philippines population lives below the poverty line.
The number of poor Filipino families has gone up from 4.36 million in 1985 to 5.14 million in 2000.
Filipino children and abuse & exploitation:
Between 1999 and 2008 12% of Filipino children took part in child labor
Children in the Philippines are engaged in the worst forms of child labor, particularly in agriculture, domestic work, home based industries, prostitution, trafficking and pornography
Throughout urban settings in the Philippines children live and work on the streets, scavenging, begging and engaging in other income generating activities
Corporal punishment is illegal but still widely practiced in Filipino schools, homes and other settings
Physical and sexual abuse of children in the Philippines is widespread and of concern
Bahay Tuluyan encourages visitors to get a greater understanding of children’s rights in the Philippines at UNICEF, World Bank and Economy Watch where these facts were gathered from.